This page was last edited on 7 novemberat calcium oxalate crystals in plants. Pdf the order hemiptera comprises four main clades. Cicadellidae leafhoppers this is the largest family of homoptera and includes many pests of cultivated plants. General summary of homoptera the homoptera includes a large number of different forms ranging in size from the usually microscopic coccidae to the large tropical lantern bugs fulgoridae and the cicadas, which may attain 5 cm. Entomologia ii unidad clase homopteraa by antonio issuu. Aphids may or may not have wings and are small, typically with a pair of projections cornicles arising from the fifth or sixth. The earlier work was based on nuclear dna, but more recent phylogenetic analysis using mitochondrial dna suggest that homoptera may be a monophyletic group. Diversity and abundance of leafhopper species homoptera. However, to an entomologist, a bug is one of the 35,000 or so species of the order hemiptera. Homopteran definition of homopteran by the free dictionary. Musaceae heliconiaceae strelitziineae strelitziaceae lowiaceae. As asas sao na maioria 2 pares, sendo as anteriores com textura membranosas ou um pouco espessas e as asas posteriores sao membranosas. A survey was conducted in the 2001 growing season to examine the leafhopper diversity and abundance among trees of 17 red maple acer rubrum clones.
Pdf joiner allows you to merge multiple pdf documents and images into a single pdf file, free of charge. Em repouso ficam em telhado sobre o corpo, com as margens internas. Theraphosidae, salticidae, therididae, sicariidae, agelenidae y thomisidae. Homoptera cigarra, chicharrita, moscas blancas, pulgones y cochinillas. Semantic scholar extracted view of the british and some other european eriococcidae homoptera. Shellenius schellenbergii kirby 1821 otiocerus otiocerus schellembergii guerinmeneville 1834 missp. A total of 45 species from eight different leafhopper subfamilies, for a total of 6055 individuals, were considered. Paraphyly of homoptera there was a longstanding tradition to treat the homoptera and heteroptera as separate groups usually having each the rank of order or as suborders within hemiptera e.
The name true bugs is sometimes limited to the suborder heteroptera. Order hemiptera, suborder heteroptera, or plantbugs 1876 14597815388. Retrieved 14 october preadaptation and evolution of the first aquatic homoptera. Linnavuori raisio, finland introduction since i published the cicadellidae part in insects of micronesia 65. Ppt homoptera powerpoint presentation free to view.
Shellenius ballii mcatee 1923 otiocerus shellenius balli ball 1928 missp. Any of numerous plantfeeding insects belonging to the former order homoptera, such as the cicadas, aphids, and scale insects, usually having membranous forewings and including all hemipterans not in the order heteroptera. Opistognata olhos simples, compostos ou ainda ausentes. Hymenoptera is a large order of insects, comprising the sawflies, wasps, bees, and ants. Some live in water, coming to the surface only to obtain air. Pdf a preliminary list of the leafhoppers homoptera. Jan 23, 2020 in most of the homoptera, a portion of the digestive system is modified into a filter chamber.
Hemiptera occur under almost every conceivable condition of life. The range of size and shape of homopterans is great. Just upload files you want to join together, reorder them with draganddrop if you need and click join files button to merge the documents. Leafhoppers are important carriers of plant diseases especially. Ent 425 general entomology resource library compendium.
Homoptera, order of plantfeeding insects with membranous wings and piercing, sucking mouthparts. Excess water, sugars, and certain amino acids bypass most of the midgut and are shunted directly into the hindgut for excretion as honeydew. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. With the cicadas are the leafhoppers, treehoppers and froghoppers, all active insects. Many people refer to anything small that crawls on the ground as a bug, and indeed many insects have the word bugin their name, such as ladybug and lightningbug both are actually beetles. This structure allows the insects to ingest and process large volumes of plant sap. Pdf on dec 1, 2002, paul h freytag and others published a preliminary list of the leafhoppers homoptera. Catonia arbutina ball 1933 catonia catonia bicinctura van duzee 1915 catonia catonia carolina metcalf 1923 catonia catonia cinctifrons fitch 1856 cixius. Cicadidae cicadas nymphs live underground where they feed on the roots of trees and shrubs. Coleoptera definition, the order comprising the beetles. Pdf the british and some other european eriococcidae. The former approach was common in north american entomology.
Homoptera pulgones, cigarras, mosca blanca y salivazos terrestres opistognata aparato bucal picador chupador alada o ptera abdomen con 9 a 11 metameros paurometabolos aparato bucal con pico. Manuscript notes from my journal, or, illustrations of insects, native and foreign. The hemiptera, however, are the true bugs of the insect world, having distinct features that set them. Inside the pupal case, they change in form and color and develop wings. It was therefore split into the suborders sternorrhyncha, auchenorrhyncha, and coleorrhyncha. Most of the group are terrestrial, however, and in many cases are widely distributed. Females typically have a special ovipositor for inserting eggs into hosts or places that are otherwise inaccessible.
Suborden auchenorrhyncha superfamilia cicadoidea 1. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Hymenoptera bees, ants, wasps ordinal characteristics. Among the most familiar are the aphids, cicadas, leafhoppers, and scale insects. Heliconiaceae ramos loyo lluvia rubi clasificacion segun cronquist orden zingiberales suborden clase liliopsida subclase zingiberidae.
Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. Hymenoptera sawflies life cycle complete metamorphosis. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Most people tend to call anything with lots of legs a bug. Homoptera subclass pterygota, order hemiptera suborder of bugs, in which the head capsule is not continuous ventrally behind the mouthparts. Download as pptx, pdf, txt or read online from scribd. This stage is repeated a varying number of times, depending on species, until hormonal changes tell larvae that it is time to pupate. Wings, when present, are four in number and are held rooflike over the body and are usually membranous. Over 150,000 living species of hymenoptera have been described, 2 3 in addition to over 2,000 extinct ones. Homoptera is a suborder of order hemiptera that is considered by some taxonomists to be paraphyletic, and therefore deprecated obsolete.1185 705 1506 885 1503 362 238 312 686 933 1018 294 1010 508 20 1316 497 438 99 932 359 1046 1137 1293 467 1403 189 1004 516 1290 898 264 1248 270 520 562 18 472 436 94 1338 367 509 422 353